I don't know if this is true of your students, but my students are certainly under the impression that if it's on the Internet, it's free and it's true.
Which is why I dread the approach of my annual research unit.
Teaching kids how to research on the Internet is, in my opinion, one of the hardest things to do, precisely because of our students' belief that the Internet has everything they need (which it does), and that everything is truthful (which it isn't isn't).
In order to overcome these misconceptions, I've made very deliberate attempts over the last few years to create a linear and organized "chunked" procedure for guiding students in grades 4-8 through the research process, and I'll write about each of those "chunks" in the upcoming weeks.
The research unit begins with an overview of understanding Copyright, Fair Use, & Public Domain, since this is the lesson that establishes the precedent that we can't take things from the Internet just because they're there.
If you're confused about the difference among the three terms, you're not alone, so here's primer: Copyright is the law that protects the works of authors, artists, and composers from having their work copied without permission. Fair use allows the use of a limited amount of copyrighted material for educational purposes as long as the user uses only a small part of it and doesn't use the material for profit. Finally, works that are part of the public domain aren't copyrighted and can be used without permission, although credit should be given. (If you'd personally like to learn a little more about these terms, check out this site from the Provo Library site or this one from Copyright Kids.)
What follows is the result of quite a bit of trial and error on my part, as it took me a few years to figure out the subtle differences between these terms AND how I could effectively teach them so my students could discern the difference, too. The best thing I've found? Keep it simple! Don't overload your students with too much information, as they'll inevitably tune you out and do the exact opposite of what you're trying to teach them.
Research Chunk #1
How to Teach Copyright, Fair Use, & Public Domain
After all of this, the students generally get a pretty good sense that they have to stop and think before they grab something off the Internet. They also tend to become a bit despondent, asking "Well, what CAN I use?" To make it easier on them, I provide two resources:
If you'd still like to sample more of what's out there, I'd recommend the following sites:
What works for you in your classroom? Do you have any resources to share when it comes to copyright, fair use, and public domain? Let me know!
Feel free to share my resources with others as well. But also please remember to give me credit, too! It's only fair. :-)
UPDATE 4/20/2022: Thank you to Katie, from the Lyndhurst STEM Club for Girls, for sharing with the world a more recent site she's discovered to help with Trademarks, Copyrights, and Patents for Websites and Beyond. One of the best things about the Internet, Katie, is the collaboration that comes from good people sharing great things. Keep up the productive struggle!
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3/13/2023 05:25:11 am
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Learning Designer. Instructional Coach. Trainer. Working my hardest to create Teacher-Bordered Classrooms.